What is Epilepsy and What happens in Epilepsy?
Epilepsy is a central nervous system (neurological) disorder in which brain activity becomes abnormal, causing seizures or periods of unusual behavior, sensations, and sometimes loss of awareness. Anyone can develop epilepsy. Epilepsy affects both males and females of all races, ethnic backgrounds, and ages.
- Epilepsy is the fourth most common neurological disorder and affects people of all ages.
- Epilepsy means the same thing as “seizure disorders.”
- Epilepsy is characterized by unpredictable seizures and can cause other health problems.
- Epilepsy is a spectrum condition with a wide range of seizure types and control varying from person to person.
- Public misunderstandings of epilepsy cause challenges that are often worse than seizures.
What happens in epilepsy-Epilepsy is a chronic disorder, the hallmark of which is recurrent, unprovoked seizures. The seizures in epilepsy may be related to a brain injury or a family tendency, but often the cause is completely unknown. In epilepsy, the electrical signals in the brain become scrambled and there are sometimes sudden bursts of electrical activity. This is what causes seizures. In most cases, it’s not clear why this happens.
Epilepsy is not a mental illness. In fact, the vast majority of people living with epilepsy have no cognitive or psychological problems. For the most part, psychological issues in epilepsy are limited to people with severe and uncontrolled epilepsy