Migraines – cause, symptoms, and treatment –

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Migraine –
A migraine headache causes intense robbing of a pulsing sensation in one area of the head and is commonly accompanied by nausea vomiting and extreme sensitivity to light and sound. A migraine attack can cause significant pain for hours today and be so severe that all you can think about is finding a dark, quiet place to lie down.
Medication can help reduce the frequency and severity of migraine treatment that has not worked for you in the past, talk to your doctor about trying a different migraine headaches medication. the right medications can be combined with self helps remedies and Lifestyle change, may make a big difference.
Symptoms –
Migraine headaches often begin in childhood, adolescence tour adulthood migraines may progress through four stages including prodrome, aura, headaches, and postdrome, though you may not experience all the stages.
Prodrome –
One or two days before a migraine you may notice the subtle change that signifies an oncoming including———
. Constipation
. Depression
. Food craving
. Hyperactive
. Irritability
. Neck stiffness
. Uncontrollable yawning
Aura –
Aura Mein occurs before or during a migraine headache, the aura is a nervous system symptom that is usually a visual disturbance such as a flash of light.
Sometimes hours can also be a touching sensation, the movement for speech disturbance. Most people experience migraine headaches without Aura. Each of these symptoms usually begins gradually, builds up over several minutes, and then commonly last for 20 to 60 minutes.
Examples of aura include –
. Visual phenomena such as seeing various shapes, bright spots, or flashes of light.
. Vision loss.
. Pins and needles sensation in the arm or leg.
. Speech on language problem.
Less commonly, an aura may be associated with limb weakness.
Attack –
When untreated a migraine usually last from 4 to 72 hours, but the frequency with which headaches occur varies from person to person you may have migraine several times a month for much less often during a migraine you may experience the following symptoms—–
. Pain on one side or both sides of your head.
. Pain that has a pulsating throbbing quality.
. Sensitivity to light, sound, and sometimes smell.
. Nausea and vomiting.
. Blurred vision.
. Lightheadedness is sometimes followed by fainting.
Postdrome –
The final phase knows as postdrome, occurs after a migraine attack. During this time you feel drained and washed out, though some people report feeling mildly euphoric.
When to see a doctor –
Migraine headaches are off and undiagnosed and untreated. If you are regularly experiencing signs and symptoms of migraine attacks, keep a record of your attacks and how you treated them. Then make an appointment with your doctor to discuss your headaches.
Cause –
Although much about the cause of migraines is not understand, genetic and environmental factors appear to play a role.
Migraine may be caused by changes in the brainstem and its interaction with the Trigeminal nerve, a major pain pathway.

Imbalance in brain chemicals- including serotonin which helps regulate pain in your nervous system. Also maybe involved. Researchers continue to study the role of serotonin in migraines. Serotonin levels drop during the migraine attack. This may Cause Your Trigeminal system to release a substance called neuropeptide, which travels to your brain’s outer covering. The result is headaches pain.
Risk –
Several factors make you more prone to having migraines.
. Family history – up to 90% of people with migraines have a family history of migraine attack if one or both of your parent’s migraines then you have a good chance of having migraines Too.
. Age – migraine can begin at any age, true most people experience their first migraine during adolescence. By age 40 most people who have migraine have had their first attack.
. Sex – women are three times more likely to have migraines. The headache tends to affect boys more than girls during childhood, but at the time of puberty and beyond more girls are affected.
. Hormonal change – if you are a woman who has a migraine, you may find that your headache just before or shortly after one set of Mensuration.

. Treatment – migraine can’t be cured, but the doctor will work with you to help you manage your condition.
A variety of medications have been specifically designing to treat migraines. In addition, some drugs commonly used to treat other conditions also may help relieve or migraines. medication used to combat migraines into two broad categories.
. Pain-relieving medication – also known as acute or abortive treatment these types of drugs are taken during a migraine attack and are designed to stop symptoms that have already begun.
. Preventive medication – this type of drug is taken regularly, often daily, to reduce the severity or frequency of migraines. Choosing a strategy to manage your migraine depends on the frequency and severity of your headache, the degree of disability your headache cause, and your other medical condition.
Some medications and not recommended if you are pregnant or breastfeeding some medications are not given to children your doctor can help to find the right medication for you.
For the most effective result, pain-relieving drugs as soon as experience signs or symptoms of a migraine. It may help if you rest or sleep in a dark room after taking them. Medication included.
. Lifestyle –
self-care measures can help, ease the pain of a migraine headache.
Try muscle relaxation exercise –
relaxation Mein help ease the pain of migraine headache. Relaxation techniques may include progressive mussels relaxation, meditation, or yoga.
. Get enough sleep but don’t oversleep –
Get an adequate amount of sleep each night, it’s best to go to bed and wake up at the regular time, as well.
. Rest and relax –
If possible, resting a Dark, quiet room when you feel the headache coming on the place and ice pack wrapped in a cloth on the back of your neck and apply gentle pressure to a painful Area on your scalp.

Nontraditional therapy may be helpful if you have chronic migraine pain –
1- acupuncture – in this treatment, a practitioner inserts many thin, disposable needles into several areas of your skin and defined points. Clinical trials have found that acupuncture may be helpful for headache pain.
2- massage therapy – massage therapy main helpful to reduce the frequency of migraines. Researchers continue to study the effectiveness of massage therapy in preventing migraines.
3- cognitive behavior therapy – Cognitive behavior therapy may benefit some people with migraines.